Butterfly gardens need both host and nectar plants, preferably prairie plants to attract butterflies. Butterflies lay their eggs on their own preferred host plant, but will feed on many different nectar plants.  Most common annual and perennial plants have little or no flower nectar, thus many flower gardens will not have butterflies.

Host Plants for Female Butterflies

Monarch-Milkweed (swamp/red preferred)

Mourning Cloak- Birch, Poplar, Willow

Painted Lady-Hollyhock, Sunflower, Thistle

Cabbage White-Cabbage, Nasturtium

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail-Willow, Cherry

Red Admiral-Nettle (False & Burning)

Wood Nymph-Grasses (Bluestem, Wild Oat)

Spangled Fritillary-Violets

Yellow Clouded Sulfur-Alfalfa, Clovers

Viceroy-Willow, Aspen, Cottonwood

Eastern Tailed Blue-Alfalfa, Clover

Giant Swallowtail-Common Rue, Prickly Ash

Black Swallowtail-Dill, Queen Anne’s Lace

Hummingbird Moth- Cranberry, Viburmum

Baltimore Checkerspot- Plantain, Turtlehead

Buckeye-Snapdragon (also vine), Plantain

There are about 40 butterfly species that are located

In Outagamie County, Wisconsin


N2550 State Hwy 47 • Appleton, WI 54913 • Phone: 920-733-2929 • Cell: 920-475-0777 friendsofbutterflygardens@gmail.com